These FAQs on tuberculosis (TB) have been produced by the Local Government Association (LGA) and Public Health England (PHE) to address questions that councillors and officers in local government may have on TB and its burden in the UK. Responsibility for public health transferred from the NHS to local authorities in April 2013 under the wider shakeup of the health service. Local councils have a critical role in protecting the health of their population. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. TB usually affects the lungs, but can affect other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes (glands), the bones and the brain. Infection with the TB organism may not develop into TB disease. The vast majority of TB is curable with a combination of specific antibiotics, treated for at least six months.