The United States has long stood as the unrivaled leader in information and communications technology
(ICT). ICT is ubiquitous, supporting every industry sector, improving the capabilities and productivity of
every business, and providing benefits to every home and individual. As much progress as the ICT industry
has seen over the last several decades, expanding from plain old telephone service (POTS) to advanced fiber
optics, cable, and wireless technologies, the ICT industry remains immature with significant opportunities for
innovation and growth. The role of the federal government facilitating innovation in the ICT sector has been
absolutely critical in supporting a robust ICT research ecosystem both through direct federal investment in
ICT research and facilitating commercialization and private research investment.