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. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2019/01/03/how-to-shut-down-future-shutdowns/
blog article
HOW TO SHUT DOWN FUTURE SHUTDOWNS
As the partial shutdown of the federal government enters its 13th day, the stakes are rising.  Shutdowns have numerous negative economic and political effects, but they can be avoided through a simple mechanism, even if the government does not enact a budget. There are two types of federal spending. Mandatory programs including Social Security and unemployment insurance continue in operation until they are changed. WILLIAM G. GALE READ MORE