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whitepaper
THE COST OF MALICIOUS CYBER ACTIVITY TO THE U.S. ECONOMY
This report examines the substantial economic costs that malicious cyber activity imposes on the U.S. economy. Cyber threats are ever-evolving and may come from sophisticated adversaries. Due to common vulnerabilities, instances of security breaches occur across firms and in patterns that are difficult to anticipate. Importantly, cyberattacks and cyber theft impose externalities that may lead to rational underinvestment in cybersecurity by the private sectorrelative to the socially optimal level of investment. N/A DOWNLOAD