whitePaper | November 14, 2019
Three significant anniversaries occurred in 2019. Seventy years ago, on October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China and, as Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), was anointed the country’s paramount leader. Forty years ago, on January 1, 1979, the United States and the People’s Republic of China established diplomatic relations. And thirty years ago, on June 4, 1989, the leadership of the CCP, having declared martial law, sent troops to violently extinguish a peaceful protest, resulting in the Tiananmen Square massacre.